Decadal variability of rainfall in Senegal: beyond the total seasonal amount



Downloads per month over past year

Badii, Aïssatou and Mohino Harris, Elsa and Diakhaté, Moussa and Mignot, Juliette and Gayé, Amadou Thierno (2022) Decadal variability of rainfall in Senegal: beyond the total seasonal amount. Journal of climate, 35 (16). pp. 5339-5358. ISSN 0894-8755

[thumbnail of MohínoHarris 13 POSTPRINT+CC.pdf]
Creative Commons Attribution.


Official URL:


The rainfall characteristics are crucial in monsoon regions, in particular for agriculture. Crop yields indeed depend on the rainfall seasonal amounts, but also on other rainfall characteristics such as the onset of the rainy season or the distribution of rainy days. In the Sahel region, while the average amount of seasonal rainfall has been shown to be marked by strong decadal variability, the modulation of rainfall characteristics has received less attention in the literature so far. In this study, we show that the frequency of the light, heavy and extreme rainfall events and the mean intensity of rainfall events in Senegal exhibit a marked decadal variability over the 1918-2000 period, strongly similar to that of the mean seasonal rainfall. The decadal modulations of these events show a strong and positive link with the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability (AMV). Indeed, positive sea surface temperature anomalies over the North Atlantic and Mediterranean related to a warm AMV phase are associated with negative sea level pressure anomalies over the northern Atlantic and a northward shift of the intertropical convergence zone. We also find that the onset and cessation dates as well as the length of the rainy season show relatively less decadal variability, which is more related to the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO), a positive phase of the latter leading to a late onset, an early cessation and an overall shorter rainy season in Senegal.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

© 2022 American Meteorological Society. Aissatou Badji benefited from support of the Service de Coopération et d’Action Culturelle of the French Embassy in Senegal and the ERASMUS+ program of the European Union. This work was also supported by the Laboratoire Mixte International ECLAIRS2 (IRD) and the UCM XVII call for cooperation and sustainable development. Elsa Mohino also acknowledges the European Commission TRIATLAS (No. 817578) and Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness PRE4CAST (CGL2017-86415-R) projects. The authors also thank the two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions which have contributed to improve the manuscript.

Uncontrolled Keywords:West-african monsson; Tropical North-Africa; Sahel rainfall; Intraseasonal variability; Spatial coherence; Summer rainfall; Part I; Atlantic; Precipitation; Trends
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Atmospheric physics
ID Code:75638
Deposited On:13 Mar 2023 08:10
Last Modified:13 Mar 2023 08:10

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only: item control page