Assessment, diagnosis and treatment of peristomal skin lesions by remote imaging: An expert validation study



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García Manzanares, Maria Elena and Lancharro Bermúdez, Margarita and Fernandez Lasquetty Blanc, Blanca and Hernández Martínez, Antonio and Rodríguez Almagro, Julián and Caparros Sanz, Maria Rosario (2022) Assessment, diagnosis and treatment of peristomal skin lesions by remote imaging: An expert validation study. Journal of Advanced Nursing . ISSN 0309-2402

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Background: Prevention and treatment of peristomal skin problems should be a priority for nurses caring for ostomates, even when the assessment of lesions must be done remotely.

Objective: To measure the level of agreement on assessment, diagnosis and care indications for peristomal skin lesions using remote imaging among nurses in Spain.

Design: Prospective observational multicentre study to assess the diagnostic validity and inter- and intraobserver agreement between nurses in peristomal skin lesions. Data were collected between March and October 2019.

Settings and Participants: The research sample consisted of a group of 39 nurses with expertise in the care of ostomates.

Methods: A panel of experts established a list of 24 common signs/findings, 15 diagnostic options and 35 treatment approaches for peristomal skin lesions. Three expert stoma therapy nurses compiled the clinical cases, which they described thoroughly and documented with photographs. The 39 participating nurses evaluated the cases in two rounds to measure inter and intraobserver agreement.

Results: A high or very high level of agreement (κ > 0.61) was observed for the following signs: encrustation, nodules, mucocutaneous separation and varicose veins; for the following diagnoses: mucocutaneous dehiscence, allergic contact dermatitis, encrustation and varicose veins (caput medusae); for the following treatments: recommending a diet rich in vitamin C/blueberries, applying acetic acid dressings, applying cold and topical tacrolimus treatment.

Conclusions: The most easily identifiable lesions were those most prevalent and with visible signs. There was a lower level of agreement in identifying lesions for which photographs required additional information (laboratory data, description of signs and symptoms, type of diet and level of self-care). It is important to train nurses caring for ostomates to correctly describe ostomy-related lesions, which is important for nursing records, continuity of care and telehealth care.

Item Type:Article
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CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2022)

Uncontrolled Keywords:continuity of care, digital health, eHealth, nurse education, nursing care, ostomy, peristomal skin, remote consultation, remote diagnostic imaging, selfcare, telehealth
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Dermatology
Medical sciences > Nursing > Nursing
ID Code:75717
Deposited On:24 Nov 2022 12:45
Last Modified:24 Nov 2022 13:23

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