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Comparison of Visual Skills between Federated and Non-Federated Athletes



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Sánchez Tena, Miguel Ángel and Rodríguez Alonso, Xabier and Martínez Pérez, Clara and Tornero Aguilera, José Francisco and Clemente Suárez, Vicente Javier and Sánchez Ramos, Celia and Álvarez Peregrina, Cristina (2023) Comparison of Visual Skills between Federated and Non-Federated Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20 (2). 12 p.. ISSN 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021047


Background: To perform motor tasks, athletes must gather a considerable amount of visual information quickly. Evidence shows that visual skills vary between athletes and non-athletes, and impact athletic performance. However, there is no scientific evidence suggesting that there are any differences between the visual skills of federated and non-federated athletes. As such, the objective of this paper was to compare how visual skills influence the sports performance of federated and non-federated athletes, respectively. Methods: A visual examination has been conducted on a total of 52 athletes between 18 and 37 years of age. The COI-Sport Vision system screen (International Optometry Center, Madrid, Spain) was used to examine static visual acuity, dynamic visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, stereopsis, fixation disparity, visual memory, identification, anticipation time, peripheral awareness, and hand-eye coordination. Results: On average, federated athletes train more hours per day than non-federated athletes (1.4 ± 0.8) (p = 0.046). A significant correlation was observed between the average time of visual memory (β = −0.0683, p < 0.001), the average time of anticipation (β = 0.006, p = 0.009), the average time of peripheral awareness (β = 0.026, p = 0.002), hand-eye coordination (β = 0.028, p = 0.004), dynamic visual acuity (β = 0.055, p < 0.001), and the number of training hours. Conclusion: Results suggest that federated athletes are more concerned about their ocular health. Nonetheless, no differences were found in the oculomotor skills of both groups. Further investigation is required to consider each sport discipline individually.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Received: 10 November 2022 / Revised: 30 December 2022 / Accepted: 2 January 2023 / Published: 6 January 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Team Sports: Health, Fitness & Performance)

Uncontrolled Keywords:sports vision; motor performance; oculomotor behavior
Subjects:Medical sciences > Optics
Medical sciences > Optics > Physiological optics
ID Code:76701
Deposited On:17 Feb 2023 19:58
Last Modified:17 Feb 2023 19:58

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