Environmental and Health Benefits Assessment of Reducing PM2.5 Concentrations in Urban Areas in Developing Countries: Case Study Cartagena de Indias



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Aldegunde, José Antonio Álvarez and Quiñones Bolaños, Edgar and Fernández Sánchez, Adrián and Saba, Manuel and Caraballo, Luis (2023) Environmental and Health Benefits Assessment of Reducing PM2.5 Concentrations in Urban Areas in Developing Countries: Case Study Cartagena de Indias. Environments, 10 (3). p. 42. ISSN 2076-3298

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/environments10030042


High concentrations of particulate matter (PM) could significantly reduce the quality of useful life and human life expectancy. The origin, control, and management of the problem has made great steps in recent decades. However, the problem is still prominent in developing countries.
In fact, often the number and spatial distribution of the air quality monitoring stations does not have an appropriate design, misleading decision makers. In the present research, an innovative assessment is proposed of the environmental, health and economic benefits corresponding to a 20% reduction in the PM2.5 concentration in the urban area of Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. Cases of mortality and morbidity attributable to fine particles (PM2.5) were estimated, with particular emphasis on mortality, emergency room visits and hospitalizations from respiratory diseases, in addition to their economic assessment using BenMAP-CE®. The novelty of using BenMAP-CE® in studying respiratory diseases and PM2.5 exposure in developing countries lies in its ability to provide a comprehensive assessment of the health impacts of air pollution in these regions. This approach can aid in the development of evidence-based policy and intervention strategies to mitigate the impact of air pollution on respiratory health. Several concentration-response (C-R) functions were implemented to find PM2.5 attributable mortality cases of ischemic heart and cardiopulmonary disease, lung cancer, respiratory and cardiovascular disease, as well as cases of morbidity episodes related to asthma exacerbation and emergency room/hospitalization care for respiratory disease. A 20% reduction would have avoided 104 cases of premature death among the population older than 30 in Cartagena, and around 65 cases of premature mortality without external causes.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Polución del aire, ciudades desarrolladas
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):economic health benefits; urban area PM2.5 concentrations; air pollution in developing cities; BenMAP-CE®
Subjects:Humanities > Geography > Physical geography
Humanities > Geography > Human geography
Humanities > Geography > Regional geography
Humanities > Geography > Geographical information systems
ID Code:77198
Deposited On:29 Mar 2023 12:12
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 12:21

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