Protective Factors, Risk of Violence and Discrimination and Mental Health Indicators of Young LGB People

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Aparicio García, Marta Evelia and Díaz Ramiro, Eva M. and Rubio Valdehita, Susana and López Núñez, M. Inmaculada and García Nieto, Isidro (2022) Protective Factors, Risk of Violence and Discrimination and Mental Health Indicators of Young LGB People. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (21). p. 14401. ISSN 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192114401




Abstract

Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people have more risk of suffering from violence and situations of discrimination than heterosexual people. The current study compares LGB people with heterosexual people in protective factors, violence, health and well-being factors. The sample comprises 609 Spanish people between 14 and 25 years old. We established a cross-sectional design. A survey including questions about sociodemographic information and protective, violence and health and well-being factors was designed ad hoc for this study. The results show that the LGB group (n = 342) is more at risk of verbal and physical violence and feels more isolated than the heterosexual participants (n = 267). In contrast, heterosexual participants report having more employment discrimination. No significant differences were found in social support or psychological health. These results are important to understand the state of social normalization and non-discrimination for LGB people in certain contexts in Spain, and its impact on psychological health.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adolescent; Health; Sexual orientation
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology > Social psychology
Medical sciences > Psychology > Industrial and occupational psychology
ID Code:78253
Deposited On:18 May 2023 13:15
Last Modified:18 May 2023 13:15

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