Valoración del dolor en el paciente con trauma grave y ventilación mecánica no comunicativo

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López López, Candelas (2016) Valoración del dolor en el paciente con trauma grave y ventilación mecánica no comunicativo. [Thesis]

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Abstract

Pain is defined since 1979 by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) as "unpleasant subjective, sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential damage of tissue", with the concept more acceptable in our days. The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a complex environment to assess pain, where the difficulty in communication with the patient is the biggest barrier to getting your "selfreport", which is considered the gold standard in pain assessment. Many factors alter communication with critically ill patients, as the low level of consciousness, mechanical ventilation, sedation, and the patient's own pathology, besides, there are other limitations such as excessive technology or devices that can divert professional attention to the patient's pain behavior, and lack of training and guidance for management. The multicenter study SUPPORT, it showed that 50-65% of critical patients included suffered pain, and 15% of them reported moderate to severe intensity for more than half the period of hospitalization. Critically ill patients experience pain due to high volume of potentially painful techniques applied to them during their ICU admission, emphasizing nursing care and tracheal suctioning, mobilization, wound healing and channeling of catheters and others. The underestimation of pain involves physiological and hemodynamic effects such as increased blood pressure and/or heart rate, altered breathing pattern, and psychological and anxiety. Also an increase of sedation and mechanical ventilation time and ICU stay of increasing the morbidity and mortality of critically ill patients...


Item Type:Thesis
Additional Information:

Tesis inédita de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, leída el 20-01-2016

Directors:
Directors
Beneit Montesinos, Juan
Pérez Pérez, Teresa
García Klepzig, José Luis
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dolor
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):Pain
Subjects:Medical sciences > Nursing > Nursing
ID Code:40271
Deposited On:22 Nov 2016 10:29
Last Modified:22 Nov 2016 10:29

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